11月29日 讲座预告：美国Rutgers University哲学系Stephen Stich教授讲座“The Evolution of Morality”
北京大学哲学系、北京大学外国哲学研究所、北京大学分析哲学研究中心联合邀请美国知名哲学家和认知科学家Stephen Stich教授于2018年11月29日访问北京大学，届时Stephen Stich教授将在李兆基人文学苑3号院109室做题为“The Evolution of Morality”的专题学术报告。在此次报告当中，Stephen Stich教授将论证关于规范的道德心理学的演化机制，借助人类相互学习的能力，自然选择将不可避免地导致人类物种的道德心理。
讲座题目：道德的演化（The Evolution of Morality）
The theory of moral psychology proposed by Sripada & Stich,* and many other theories in which social learning plays a major role, suggests that people will often internalize norms that reduce their own biological fitness. It might be thought that no such psychological mechanism could possibly evolve. But that would be a mistake. In this talk I’ll explain why it was all but inevitable that natural selection would lead to moral psychology in our species, once we had acquired the ability to learn from one another. The account I’ll offer explains why many moral norms foster cooperative or pro-social behavior. It also explains why many human norms lead to ethnic hatred and morally repugnant behavior. If the account is correct, these norms will be very difficult to dislodge, and robust cultural differences in norms are likely to be widespread.
*Chandra Sripada & Stephen Stich, “A Framework for the Psychology of Norms,” in P. Carruthers, S. Laurence & S. Stich, eds., The Innate Mind: Culture and Cognition. (New York: Oxford University Press), 2006. Pp. 280-301.